Techno Press
Techno Press

Structural Engineering and Mechanics   Volume 60, Number 3, November10 2016, pages 405-412
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/sem.2016.60.3.405
 
Numerical simulation of the femur fracture under static loading
Zagane Mohammed El Sallah, Benbarek Smail, Sahli Abderahmane, B. Bachir Bouiadjra and Serier Boualem

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Bone is a living material with a complex hierarchical structure that gives it remarkable mechanical properties. Bone constantly undergoes mechanical. Its quality and resistance to fracture is constantly changing over time through the process of bone remodeling. Numerical modeling allows the study of the bone mechanical behavior and the prediction of different trauma caused by accidents without expose humans to real tests. The aim of this work is the modeling of the femur fracture under static solicitation to create a numerical model to simulate this element fracture. This modeling will contribute to improve the design of the indoor environment to be better safe for the passengers\' transportation means. Results show that vertical loading leads to the femur neck fracture and horizontal loading leads to the fracture of the femur diaphysis. The isotropic consideration of the bone leads to bone fracture by crack propagation but the orthotropic consideration leads to the fragmentation of the bone.
 
Key Words
    extended finite element method (X-FEM); crack/damage detection/identification; structural design; simulation
 
Address
Zagane Mohammed El Sallah, Benbarek Smail, Sahli Abderahmane, B. Bachir Bouiadjra and Serier Boualem: Laboratory Mechanics Physics of materials (LMPM), University Djillali Liabes of Sidi bel abbes, BP89 city Larbi Ben M
 

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