Techno Press
Techno Press

Geomechanics and Engineering   Volume 11, Number 6, December 2016, pages 787-803
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/gae.2016.11.6.787
 
New reinforcement algorithms in discontinuous deformation analysis for rock failure
Yunjuan Chen, Weishen Zhu, Shucai Li and Xin Zhang

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    DDARF (Discontinuous Deformation Analysis for Rock Failure) is a numerical algorithm for simulating jointed rock masses' discontinuous deformation. While its reinforcement simulation is only limited to endanchorage bolt, which is assumed to be a linear spring simply. Here, several new reinforcement modes in DDARF are proposed, including lining reinforcement, full-length anchorage bolt and equivalent reinforcement. In the numerical simulation, lining part is assigned higher mechanical strength than surrounding rock masses, it may include multiple virtual joints or not, depending on projects. There must be no embedding or stretching between lining blocks and surrounding blocks. To realize simulation of the full-length anchorage bolt, at every discontinuity passed through the bolt, a set of normal and tangential spring needs to be added along the bolt's axial and tangential direction. Thus, bolt's axial force, shearing force and full-length anchorage effect are all realized synchronously. And, failure criterions of anchorage effect are established for different failure modes. In the meantime, from the perspective of improving surrounding rock masses' overall strength, a new equivalent and tentative simulation method is proposed, it can save calculation storage and improve efficiency. Along the text, simulation algorithms and applications of these new reinforcement modes in DDARF are given.
 
Key Words
    DDARF; lining reinforcement; full-length anchorage bolt; failure criterion; equivalent reinforcement
 
Address
(1) Yunjuan Chen, Xin Zhang:
Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Appraisal and Retrofitting in Building Structures, Shandong Jianzhu University, Ji'nan 250101, Shandong, China;
(2) Weishen Zhu, Shucai Li:
Geotechnical and Structural Engineering Research Center, Shandong University, Ji'nan 250061, Shandong, China.
 

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