Techno Press
Techno Press

Earthquakes and Structures   Volume 6, Number 1, January 2014, pages 89-110
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/eas.2014.6.1.089
 
Influence of pinching effect of exterior joints on the seismic behavior of RC frames
Maria J. Favvata and Chris G. Karayannis

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
     Nonlinear dynamic analyses are carried out to investigate the influence of the pinching hysteretic response of the exterior RC beam-column joints on the seismic behavior of multistory RC frame structures. The effect of the pinching on the local and global mechanisms of an 8-storey bare frame and an 8-storey pilotis type frame structure is evaluated. Further, an experimental data bank extracted from literature is used to acquire experimental experience of the range of the real levels that have to be considered for the pinching effect on the hysteretic response of the joints. Thus, three different cases for the hysteretic response of the joints are considered: (a) joints with strength and stiffness degradation characteristics but without pinching effect, (b) joints with strength degradation, stiffness degradation and low pinching effect and (c) joints with strength degradation, stiffness degradation and high pinching effect. For the simulation of the beam-column joints a special-purpose rotational spring element that incorporates the examined hysteretic options developed by the authors and implemented in a well-known nonlinear dynamic analysis program is employed for the analysis of the structural systems. The results of this study indicate that the effect of pinching on the local and global responses of the examined cases is not really significant at early stages of the seismic loading and especially in the cases when strength degradation in the core of exterior joint has occurred. Nevertheless in the cases when strength degradation does not occur in the joints the pinching may increase the demands for ductility and become critical for the columns at the base floor of the frame structures. Finally, as it was expected the ability for energy absorption was reduced due to pinching effect.
 
Key Words
    hysteretic response; pinching; strength degradation; stiffness degradation; RC beam-column joints; energy dissipation; multistory RC frame structures; seismic responses
 
Address
Maria J. Favvata and Chris G. Karayannis: Department of Civil Engineering, Section of Structural Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, 12 V. Sofias street, Xanthi, GR 67100, Greece
 

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