Techno Press
Techno Press

Computers and Concrete   Volume 19, Number 5, May 2017, pages 489-499
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/cac.2017.19.5.489
 
Durability assessment of self-compacting concrete with fly ash
Sahar Deilami, Farhad Aslani and Mohamed Elchalakani

 
Abstract     [Full Text]
    Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) is a new technology capable to flow without segregation or any addition of energy which leads to efficient construction and cost savings. In this study, the effect of replacing the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) with Fly Ash (FA) on the strength, durability of the concrete was investigated experimentally, and carbon footprint and cost were also assessed. Four different replacement FA ratios (0%, 20%, 40% and 60%) were used to create four SCC mixes. Standard test methods were used to determine the workability, strength, and durability of the SCC mixes including resist chloride ion penetration, water permeability, water absorption, and initial surface absorption. The axial cube compressive strength tests were performed on the SCC mixes at 1, 7, 14, 28 and 35 days. Replacing the OPC with FA had a significant positive impact on chloride iron penetration resistance and water absorption but had a considerable negative impact on the compressive strength. The SCC mix with 60% FA had 36.7% and 15.8% enhancement in the resistance to chloride ion penetration and water absorption, respectively. Evaluation of the carbon footprint and the cost of each SCC mixes showed the CO2 emissions mixes 1, 2, 3 and 4 were significantly reduced by increasing the FA content from 0% to 60%. Compared with the control mix, the cost of all mixes increased when the FA content increased, but no significant differences were seen between the estimated costs of all four mixes.
 
Key Words
    self-compacting concrete; durability; fly ash; resist chloride ion penetration; water permeability; water absorption; initial surface absorption
 
Address
Sahar Deilami, Farhad Aslani and Mohamed Elchalakani: School of Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
 

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