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CONTENTS
Volume 5, Number 1, March 2017
 

Abstract
In this paper, the critical buckling temperature of single-walled Boron Nitride nanotube (SWBNNT) is estimated using a new nonlocal first-order shear deformation beam theory. The present model is capable of capturing both small scale effect and transverse shear deformation effects of SWBNNT and is based on assumption that the inplane and transverse displacements consist of bending and shear components, in which the bending components do not contribute toward shear forces and, likewise, the shear components do not contribute toward bending moments. Results indicate the importance of the small scale effects in the thermal buckling analysis of Boron Nitride nanotube.

Key Words
single walled boron nitride nanotube; critical buckling temperature; small scale effect

Address
(1) Abderrahmane Hadj Elmerabet, Abdelouahed Tounsi, Abdelwahed Semmah:
Laboratoire de Modélisation et Simulation Multi-échelle, Département de Physique, Faculté des Sciences Exactes, Département de Physique, Université de Sidi Bel Abbés, Algeria;
(2) Houari Heireche, Abdelouahed Tounsi:
Algerian National Thematic Agency of Research in Science and Technology (ATRST), Algeria;
(3) Abdelouahed Tounsi:
Material and Hydrology Laboratory, University of Sidi Bel Abbes, Faculty of Technology, Civil Engineering Department, Algeria.

Abstract
We examine the total optical dielectric function (TODF) of impurity doped GaAs quantum dot (QD) from the viewpoint of anisotropy, position-dependent effective mass (PDEM) and position dependent dielectric screening function (PDDSF), both in presence and absence of noise. The dopant impurity potential is Gaussian in nature and noise employed is Gaussian white noise that has been applied to the doped system via two different modes; additive and multiplicative. A change from fixed effective mass and fixed dielectric constant to those which depend on the dopant coordinate manifestly affects TODF. Presence of noise and also its mode of application bring about more rich subtlety in the observed TODF profiles. The findings indicate promising scope of harnessing the TODF of doped QD systems through expedient control of site of dopant incorporation and application of noise in desired mode.

Key Words
quantum dot; impurity; optical dielectric function; anisotropy; position-dependent effective mass; position-dependent dielectric screening function; Gaussian white noise

Address
Department of Chemistry, Physical Chemistry Section, Visva Bharati University, Santiniketan, Birbhum 731 235, West Bengal, India.

Abstract
One of the methods of removing cyanide from wastewater is surface adsorption. We simulated the removal of cyanide from a synthetic wastewater in the presence of Titanium dioxide nano-particles absorbent uses VISUAL MINTEQ 3.1 software. Our aim was to determine the factors affecting the adsorption of cyanide from synthetic wastewater applying simulation. Synthetic wastewater with a concentration of 100 mg/l of potassium cyanide was used for simulation. The amount of titanium dioxide was 1 g/l under the temperature of 25°C. The simulation was performed using an adsorption model of Freundlich and constant capacitance model. The results of simulation indicated that three factors including pH, nanoparticles of titanium dioxide and the primary concentration of cyanide affect the adsorption level of cyanide. The simulation and experimental results had a good agreement. Also by increasing the pH level of adsorption increases 11 units and then almost did not change. An increase in cyanide concentration, the adsorption level was decreased. In simulation process, rising the concentrations of titanium dioxide nanoparticles to 1 g/l, the rate of adsorption was increased and afterward no any change was observed. In all cases, the coefficient of determination between the experimental data and simulation data was above 0.9.

Key Words
cyanide; titanium dioxide nanoparticles adsorption; simulation

Address
(1) Banafshe Safavi, Gholamreza Asadollahfardi:
Department of Civil Engineering at Kharazmi University, Mofateh St.,Tehran, Iran;
(2) Ahmad khodadadi Darban:
Department of Mining Engineering at Tarbiat Modarres University, Jalal al Ahmad St., Tehran, Iran.


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